Flavonoids in plants and herbs provide color, taste and aromas to the plant. Hemp plants also contain flavonoids. Although cannabinoids such as THC and CBD are well known by now, flavonoids should also be put in the spotlight a little more often. They provide benefits not only for the plant, but, as it seems, also for humans. A lot is still unclear, but researchers hope to prove soon that flavonoids have medicinal properties.
Flavonoids: color, aroma and protection of the plant
Opponents of cannabis and hemp see these plants as just that weed that gets you high. But the plant has much more to offer. The plant is rich in medicinal substances, including cannabinoids such as CBD, CBG and CBN, which are already quite well known. But flavonoids have always been slightly disregarded. They were seen as the substances that give flowers and fruit their beautiful colors. But they do more than that.
Flavonoids are found in all plants, where they provide the non-green colors. In addition, flavinoids affect the smell and taste of plants and their fruits, along with the terpenes, another group of natural plant components. They also play a role in combating pests, such as fungi and insects. And they protect the plant against harmful UV radiation and diseases. They interact with terpenes and other phytonutrients in ways we don't fully understand yet. Hemp contains about 20 different flavonoids, they comprise about 10% of all active substances in the plant.
When you take CBD supplements, the flavonoids will affect you. The effect is usually a lot more subtle than just some color or smel here or there. Due to the entourage effect, flavonoids interact with the other compounds in cannabis, both cannabinoids and terpenes. They influence each other's functioning and can amplify or change effects.
Flavonoïden and the effect on your body
Flavonoids are found in all plants, vegetables and fruits. There are now more than 6000 known due to research, with names that sometimes reflect where they come from. For example, the flavonoid that gives mandarins its beautiful orange color is called tangerine and gentisine is found in gentians. There are flavonoids that are unique and only occur in a particular plant. Cannabis and hemp contain several flavonoids and also some that are unique. These are the cannflavins.
Flavonoids are important for plants. Without the colors and scents, many plants would not be able to attract insects and reproduce. But these substances can also make a positive contribution to health for humans. Quercetin, for example, which is found in fruits and vegetables (and hemp), has an anti-fungal effect and is an antioxidant. Catechin (found in cocoa and tea) is also an antioxidant and good for the heart and blood vessels.
In cannabis plants, the different substances work synergistically with each other: the effects that substances have are greater when used together than when taken alone. This is also known as the entourage effect. CBD, for example, inhibits the effect of THC, and certain terpenes can actually enhance the effect of THC. It is not yet clear how flavonoids in the cannabis plant interact with the other substances. But it seems that they too are part of the entourage effect.
Cannabis with blue or purple buds? Flavonoids at work!
Research on the influence on your health
Not much research has been done on the flavonoids that are specifically found in cannabis. Cannflavin A, according to several preliminary studies, has an anti-inflammatory effect that appears to be more potent than aspirin. It hinders the production of a hormone-like substance, prostaglandin E-2. One of the benefits of Cannflavin A is that the more you take, the more potent the effect is. Cannflavin B and C are also being investigated for their possible medical applications.
Other flavonoids found in cannabis include orientin, quercetin, apigenin, and kaempferol. These also have an anti-inflammatory effect and can help protect against fungi and may even have anti-cancer properties.
How can you benefit from flavonoids?
By using CBD products, you will ingest flavonoids. How many and which flavonoids are in a hemp plant can vary due to the climate, genetic properties and all kinds of other circumstances. Much is still unclear about the exact action of flavonoids in the cannabis plant family. We cannot provide you with strong evidence proving that they will do wonders for your health. But you can bet that the flavonoids will do their job, along with the cannabinoids and terpenes, no matter how you use CBD supplements. After all, they have been doing this for millions of years in all plants, flowers, fruits and vegetables that we know